FAST FACT: The earlier the onset of myopia, the higher the rate of progression and the final degree of myopia.1
There are Significant Risks with Myopia
The retina pulls away from the eye’s supportive tissue
Can cause permanent vision loss
Typically associated with the aging process
Tend to develop sooner in nearsighted eyes
Due to higher pressure in the eye
Damages the optic nerve and causes vision loss
Myopic Maculopathy (macular degeneration)³
The most common complication of high myopia¹
A slowly progressive and sight threatening condition in which visual loss develops from atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium and/or secondary complications such as sub-retinal neovascularization¹
The only disease amongst the top five causes of blindness that remains entirely untreatable¹
- Goss DA, Rainey BB. Relation of Childhood Myopia Progression to Time of Year. J Am Optom Assoc. 1998 Apr;69(4):262-6. – MISSING REF.
- Flitcroft, D. (2012). The complex interactions of retinal, optical and environmental factors in myopia aetiology. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. 31(6): 622-660.
- Baxter, N. (2017). Retinal detachment, Cataracts and Glaucoma images and explanations of retinal detachment, cataracts and glaucoma from Infographic: What You Should Know If Your Child Is Nearsighted – AllAboutVision.com. Accessed 25 April 2017. http://www.allaboutvision.com/parents/myopia-facts-infographic.htm.
- Myopic Maculopathy image from: Myopic Maculopathy – Singapore National Eye Centre. (n.d.). Accessed 18 April 2017. https://www.snec.com.sg/eye-conditions-and-treatments/common-eye-conditions-and-procedures/Pages/myopic-maculopathy.aspx.