Question: What is myopia?
Answer: Myopia is caused by elongation of the axial length of the eye. This causes light rays to focus at a point in front of the retina, rather than directly on its surface.
Question: What causes myopia development and progression?
Answer: Genetics (family history of myopia), individual characteristics (e.g. dopamine levels), and environment (e.g. exposure to sunlight).
Answer: The earlier the onset, the higher the rate of progression and the final degree of myopia.
Question: How is myopia diagnosed?
Answer: The Modified Clinical Technique, one of the most common vision screening test batteries, which includes visual acuity, ophthalmoscopy, retinoscopy, and a cover test.
Question: What are the risks associated with myopia?
Answer: Major risks are retinal detachment, cataracts, glaucoma and myopic maculopathy.
Question: How is myopia treated?
Answer: Current treatment consists of glasses, atropine, rigid contact lenses (Ortho-K) and peripheral defocus modifying contact lenses (soft contact lenses).
Question: How do I tell if a child is at risk for myopia?
Answer: The three key risk factors for myopia are genetics, lifestyle and environment.
Question: What are the advantages of daily disposable multifocal contact lenses?
Answer: Daily disposables offer ease of care (no cleaning/disinfecting solutions required) and reduced risk of infection. Multifocal enhance vision at all distances: near, intermediate and far, meeting a high percentage of daily visual needs.
Question: What are the characteristics of an optimal soft contact lens design for myopic correction?
Answer: Daily disposable; optimizes central vision; induces peripheral myopia without compromising vision; reduces lag of accommodation.
Question: What does center distance design achieve in soft contact lenses?
Answer: It optimizes the central vision, resulting in improved visual acuity.